Saturday, October 17, 2009

Notes on Hebrews 10


Hebrews 10

 1The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves. (MRL: The author wants us to think about heaven, and not To dismiss the next era for us, after death. It seems somewhat trendy with some followers of Jesus to throw off ideas of a future life, after death and to emphasize only the present life. In this way they might mirror modern Orthodox Judaism, if my understanding from is correct.  They mean to contrast a life that ignores the current life and focuses only on heaven.)

 
For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2If it could, would they not have stopped being offered? (MRL: This tells us Hebrews was written before the destruction of the temple in AD 70.)



For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins,4because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

 5Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: 
   "Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, 
      but a body you prepared for me; 
 6with burnt offerings and sin offerings 
      you were not pleased. 
 7Then I said, 'Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll— 
      I have come to do your will, O God.' "[a




(MRL: I believe that God worked through normal men, in this case Jeremiah, to write the text. God also worked through Paul to write the text, and helped him understand that this text from Yimeyahu applies to the Messiah. I don't know whether Judaism of Sha'ul's and Gamliel's era would have accepted that passage from the prophet as Messianic.)


 8First he said, "Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them" (although the law required them to be made). 9Then he said, "Here I am, I have come to do your will." He sets aside the first to establish the second. 10And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

 11Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12But when this priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God. 13Since that time he waits for his enemies to be made his footstool, 14because by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy.

 15The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First he says: 
 16"This is the covenant I will make with them 
      after that time, says the Lord. 
   I will put my laws in their hearts, 
      and I will write them on their minds."[b] 17Then he adds: 
   "Their sins and lawless acts 
      I will remember no more."[c]18And where these have been forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin. 19Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, 20by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, his body, 21and since we have a great priest over the house of God, 22let us draw near to God with a sincere heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water.23Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for he who promised is faithful. 24And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds. 25Let us not give up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but let us encourage one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching. (MRL: In a book to Messianic Jews it seems this verse must refer to synagogue meetings.)

 26If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God. 28Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29How much more severely do you think a man deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God under foot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified him, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace? 30For we know him who said, "It is mine to avenge; I will repay,"[d] and again, "The Lord will judge his people."[e]31It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

 32Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you stood your ground in a great contest in the face of suffering. 33Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. 34You sympathized with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions.

 35So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded. 36You need to persevere so that when you have done the will of God, you will receive what he has promised. 37For in just a very little while, 
   "He who is coming will come and will not delay. 
    38But my righteous one[f] will live by faith. 
   And if he shrinks back, 
      I will not be pleased with him."[g] 39But we are not of those who shrink back and are destroyed, but of those who believe and are saved.

Footnotes:
  1. Hebrews 10:7 Psalm 40:6-8 (see Septuagint)
  2. Hebrews 10:16 Jer. 31:33
  3. Hebrews 10:17 Jer. 31:34
  4. Hebrews 10:30 Deut. 32:35
  5. Hebrews 10:30 Deut. 32:36; Psalm 135:14
  6. Hebrews 10:38 One early manuscript But the righteous
  7. Hebrews 10:38 Hab. 2:3,4


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